The first frame is one of values. The context here is that doubt is good. Uncertainty is helpful. To develop a better understanding of the world, we first have to accept that we don't know everything, that our thinking and ideas are fallible.
The second frame is one of substance. The world is not permanent or immutable. Everything and every moment is constantly passing away. Conversely, and on the bright side, there is a future full of new potential.
The third frame is aesthetic. Its a belief that art communicates in ways that are beyond what can be put into words. Art has to speak without words.
'As in a Mirror' mixed media on aluminum 2017 20W x 20H inches
There are of course many more frames of reference than these, both conscious and unconscious. There's everything from culture and history to media and materials. The three frames I describe situate my work within a larger universe of art.